Arkansas was first explored by the Spanish. Hernando de Soto was the first European to explore Arkansas
The French explorers, Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette, explore Arkansas but terminate their expedition due to hostile Indians
Mar 13: Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, claims the land in the name of King Louis XIV of France
Henri de Tonti founded the first settlement and trading post at Arkansas Post
France cedes the Louisiana Territory, which included Arkansas, to Spain, but the French continue to man Arkansas Post.
1775 - 1783: The American Revolution creates the United States of America.The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies
July 4, 1776: United States Declaration of Independence
July 10, 1778: France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces
September 3, 1783: The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain
The Louisiana Purchase - In 1803, the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France. The U.S. Secretary of State, James Madison paid 15 million dollars for the land
1805 - 1806: The Choctaw and northern Indian (Chickasaw and Cherokee) cessions open up land to white settlement
1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
1832 - 1839 - Removal of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the "Five Civilized Tribes", to Indian Territory
1836 - 1837: The Second Creek War (Seminole War)
Statehood - The Date that Arkansas was admitted to the Union - June 15, 1836. Constitution - Arkansas was the 25th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - Regnat populus - motto translated as " The people rule "
The last of the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw and Creek Indians, known as the "Five Civilized Tribes" are removed to Indian Territory
1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina.These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. ( May 6 - Arkansas joins the Confederacy )
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery
1898-1901: The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines
The State was named after the French interpretation of a Quapaw Indian word "acansa," meaning "downstream place."
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