Origin of the name - Spanish for the word 'flowery'. Juan Ponce de Leon landed on the shores of Florida in April of 1513. It is believed that he called the area "la Florida" in honor of Spain's Easter time celebration "Pascua florida" (feast of the flowers)
Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon claimed the region but unable to establish a colony due to Indian attacks
Spanish Hernando de Soto (1500-1542) landed in the Tampa Bayon May 30, 1539 with 10 ships carrying over 600 soldiers and priests problems with Indians forced them to Mexico
French missionaries settle Fort Caroline
Spanish troops drive the French out of Florida
1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America.The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washingtonled the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence)
July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces
September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain
1812 - 1815 - The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
1813 - 1814: The Creek Indian War - At the start of the 1500's the Creeks occupied nearly all of southeast United States. Their defeat at the battle in Lumpkin County near Slaughter Gap forced them to travel farther and farther West
African American slaves made up almost half of the population of the State
Statehood - The Date that Florida was admitted to the Union - March 3, 1845. Constitution - Florida was the 27th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " In God We Trust "
The Seminole Wars forced all but a few Native Americans out of Florida
1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln,a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery
1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
Origin of the State name - Spanish for the word 'flowery'. Juan Ponce de Leon landed on the shores of Florida in April of 1513. It is believed that he called the area "la Florida" in honor of Spain's Eastertime celebration "Pascua florida" (feast of the flowers).
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