Spanish sailors are instructed in the Reales cedulas con Hojeda, claim lands for the Spanish monarchy
First Virginia charter granted by King James I of England
Queen Anne's War ending the Spanish presence along the coast of Georgia
1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washingtonled the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence)
July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces
September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain
Conflict erupts between settlers and Native Indians throughout the 1800's
Explored by the Lewis and Clark expedition - Info - Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809) and William Clark (1770- 1838)
Great Britain opens the first trading post in Idaho
1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
John Reid starts a fur trading post
Bannock Indians wipe out the fur trading post
Treaty of joint occupancy between Great Britain and the United States leaves Oregon country (including Idaho) open to citizens of both nations.
Idaho becomes part of the United States
Gold discovered by French Canadians
1861 - 1865: The American Civil War. In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery
Caribou gold rush in south-east Idaho
Bannock Indian War
Native Indians surrender on September 1
Statehood - The Date that Idaho was admitted to the Union - July 3, 1890. Constitution - Idaho was the 43rd State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " Esto perpetua (Let it be perpetual) " the State Motto is translated as " It is forever ".
1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
Origin of the State name - Idaho is an invented word supposedly meaning the "gem of the mountains". George M. Willing, a mining lobbyist, suggested the 'Shoshone Indian word' of 'Idaho' meaning "Gem of the Mountains. Although Congress eventually became aware that the name was made up by this time the name had been adopted by popular consent.
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