Italian explorer John Cabot ( Giovanni Caboto ) explores the coast for the English
Bartholomew Gosnold (1572 - 1607 ) the English explorer and colonizer explores coast
Samuel de Champlain (1567-1635) French explorer and navigator maps the coast
King James I grants charter to Plymouth Company (also called Virginia Company of Plymouth, organized 1606 by King James I of England to establish colonies in America
Jamestown established - the first permanent English-speaking settlement in the New World
Captain John Smith (1580-1631) maps the coast
The Mayflower sails from Plymouth, England and after a journey of sixty-six days anchors in Plymouth harbor, and the Pilgrims established a settlement
The first Thanksgiving was celebrated by the Pilgrims in Plymouth
John Endecott (1588-1665) Puritan colonial leader known for his intolerance of religious dissenters founds the Puritan colony at Naumkeag (later Salem) with Roger Conant (1592-1679)
Massachusetts Bay Company chartered
1675 - 1677: King Philip's War so named after Metacomet of the Wampanoag tribe, who was called Philip by the English. The war was bloody and bitterly fought by the colonists against the Native Indians. During King Philip's War, up to one third of America's white population was wiped out. This war proved to be the final struggle by the Native Americans of Massachusetts
The Salem Witchcraft trials last for three months from June to September
1756 - 1763: The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
1763 - 1767 Legal battles were settled by a survey -- which resulted in the Mason-Dixon line, surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, establishing Maryland's northern boundary
For additional facts and information about Colonial America refer to the Massachusetts Colony
1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America.The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washingtonled the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence)
July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces
September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain
Statehood - The Date that Massachusetts was admitted to the Union - February 6, 1788. Constitution - Massachusetts was the 6th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem " the State Motto is translated as " By the sword we seek Peace, but Peace only under Liberty "
1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
1861 - 1865: The American Civil War. In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery
1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
Origin of the State name - Named after the Massachusetts Indians that lived in the Massachusetts Bay area the name means "large hill place.
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