French explorer Etienne Brule ( 1592-1632 French-Huron Interpreter ) sight Lake Superior
The Jesuit priest Jacques Marquette (1637-1675) and the Jesuit missionary Claude Dablon ( 1619 - 1697) establish the first mission at Sault Sainte Marie
May 17 - Jesuit missionary Jacques Marquette, French Explorer and fur trader Louis Jolliet (1645-1700) explore the Mississippi
French army officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac (1658-1730, founder of Detroit) establishes the first of several French settlements
1756 - 1763: The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
The French surrender Fort Pontchartrain to the British which ends French rule in Detroit
1763 - 1767 Legal battles were settled by a survey -- which resulted in the Mason-Dixon line, surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, establishing Maryland's northern boundary
1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washingtonled the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence)
July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces
September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain
The Louisiana Purchase: In 1803, the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France. The U.S. Secretary of State, James Madison paid 15 million dollars for the land
The Michigan Territory is created
1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
The Treaty of Saginaw cedes nearly 6 million acres of Indian lands to Michigan settlers This forced the Native Indians farther and farther West
The Toledo War ensues over the Michigan - Ohio boundary
Statehood - The Date that Michigan was admitted to the Union - January 26, 1837. Constitution - Michigan was the 26th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam, circumspice " the State Motto is translated as " If you seek a pleasant Peninsula, look about you ".
1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery
1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
Origin of the name - Based on Chippewa Indian word "majigan" meaning "clearing". History Timelines of the United States of America provide fast facts and information about famous events in history, such as those detailed in the Michigan History Timeline, precipitated a significant change in American State history.
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