Most of the Montana area was subject to the Louisiana Purchase of 1803
1756 - 1763: The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washingtonled the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence)
July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces
September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain
Conflict erupts between settlers and Native Indians including the Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboin, Atsina, Bannock, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Cree, Crow, Dakota, Hidatsa, Kalispel, Kiowa, Kutenai, Mandan, Nez Perce, Piegan, Salish, Tunaheand the Spokan tribes throughout the 1800's. The Native Indians are gradually forced to cede their lands
The Louisiana Purchase - In 1803, the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France. The U.S. Secretary of State, James Madison paid 15 million dollars for the land
1805 - 1806: Choctaw and northern (Chickasaw and Cherokee) Indian cessions open up land to white settlement
1805-1806: Lewis and Clark explore Montana ( Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809) and William Clark (1770- 1838)
1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
The Oregon Treaty gives the rest of Montana to the U.S.
1861 - 1865: The American Civil War. In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery
Congress creates Yellowstone National Park
The Plains Indians including the Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapahoe, Ute, Kiowa, Lakota and Comanche nations fought bitter wars over the land during the 1800's led by chiefs such as Crazy Horse, Red Cloud, and Sitting Bull.
George Armstrong Custer is defeated at the Battle of the Little Bighornon June 25, 1876. Treaties were made and broken and there were bloody massacres. Many of the tribes were forced to go to Indian Reservations
Nez Pierce Indian Chief Joseph lead his people out of Oregon into Montana, but was forced to surrender in 1877 near Bear's Paw Mountains in northern Montana
Statehood - The Date that Montana was admitted to the Union - November 8,1889. Constitution - Montana was the 41st State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " Oro y plata " the State Motto is translated as " Gold and Silver "
1898 -1901: The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
Origin of the State name - a derivation of the Latin word "montaanus" which means mountainous.
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