Two Spanish priests, Father Silvestre Velez de Escalante and his superior Francisco Atanasio Domínguez start from Santa Fe to explore Utah
1756 - 1763: The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washingtonled the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence)
July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces
September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain
1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
Mexico wins independence from Spain and claims Utah
1822-1829 - William H Ashley exploration and the discovery of a central route to the Pacific sends trappers to northern Utah who answered an advertisement in the St. Louis Gazette and Public Advertiser in the winter of 1822: "Enterprising Young Men...to ascend the Missouri to its source, there to be employed for one, two, or three years." Amongst those to respond were Jim Beckwourth, Tom Fitzpatrick, David Jackson, Hugh Glass, Jim Bridger and Jedediah Smith
Jim Bridger ( Old Gabe 1804-1881) discovers the Great Salt Lake
Jedediah Smith (1799-1831) leads expeditions to California and Nevada
Antoine Robidoux ( 1794 - 1860 )builds a trading post in the Utah Basin
Capt. John Bartleson leads first wagon train of settlers, including Nancy Kelsey - the first white woman ever to see Utah, across Utah to California
John C. Fremont (1813-1890) and Kit Carson ( Christopher Houston "Kit" Carson ( 1809 - 1868) explore the Great Basin
1844-45: Miles Goodyear (1817 - 1849) builds Fort Buenaventura
First party of Mormon settlers arrive in the Salt Lake Valley lead by Brigham Young (1801-1877)
In just over twenty years 70,000 Mormons travelled along the Mormon Pioneer Trail, across 5 states in order to escape religious persecution
U.S. wins Mexican War
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo is signed which cedes Utah to the United States
The Walker War with the Ute Indians begins over slavery among the Indians
John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War.
1861 - 1865: The American Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
1865-1868 Ute Black Hawk War last major Indian conflict in Utah
1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery.
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
Statehood - The Date that Utah was admitted to the Union - January 4, 1896. Constitution - Utah was the 45th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " Industry "
1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
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