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James Buchanan Timeline


Short Biography of President James Buchanan
Lifespan: 1791 - 1868
Born on April 23, 1791 in Cove Gap near Mercersburg, Pennsylvania
James Buchanan died on June 1, 1868 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania
Fifteenth President of America - His term in office was from 1857 to 1861 - James Buchanan was never married

Why was James Buchanan famous?
James Buchanan was famous as the fifteenth President of the United States of America and the only bachelor to ever serve in the White House. An ineffective president, he failed to find a compromise to keep the South from seceding and the Union broke apart.

The next US President was Abraham Lincoln.

1791

 

Born on April 23, 1791 in Cove Gap near Mercersburg, Pennsylvania

1812

 

The War of 1812 which has also been called the second War for Independence, between the United States and Great Britain. Zachary Taylor served in the War of 1812, Black Hawk, Second Seminole, and Mexican wars

1814

 

Treaty of Fort Jackson ends Creek War

1815-16

 

Member of Pennsylvania House of Representatives, 1815-16

1821-31

 

Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1821-31

1830

 

Indian Removal Act
Oregon Trail opens

1831

 

Nat Turner's revolt

1832

 

Black Hawk War
Seminole War begins
Department of Indian Affairs established

1832-34

 

Minister to Russia, 1832-34

1834-45

 

United States Senator, 1834-45

1835

 

Texas War for Independence begins

1837

 

Battle of the Alamo

1838

 

1838-1839: The Trail of Tears

1845-49

 

Secretary of State, 1845-49 (under Polk)

1846

 

Mexican-American War begins.

1853-56

 

Minister to England, 1853-56

1857

 

James Buchanan became the President of the United States of America

1859

 

In 1859, John Brown seized the Southern town of Harpers Ferry in Virginia in a futile attempt to spark an uprising of slaves

1860

 

The Pony Express was established
The Southern States begin secession

1861

 

The Confederate States of America created in 1861

1861

 

The Presidency of James Buchanan ended

1861

 

The American Civil War, also called the War between the States, was waged from April 1861 until April 1865. The 4 year war was between the federal government of the United States and 11 Southern states that asserted their right to secede (withdraw) from the Union. Abraham Lincolnwas the central figure of the American Civil War.

1863

 

Battle of Gettysburg

1864

 

Sand Creek Massacre

1865

 

Abraham Lincoln assassinated
United States Civil War ends

1866

 

Civil Rights Act of 1866
Ku Klux Klan founded

1867

 

Alaska Purchase from Russia

1868

 

James Buchanan died of respiratory failure on June 1, 1868 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He is buried at Woodward Hill Cemetery.

James Buchanan Timeline

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