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History of Medicine Timeline


The dates, people and medical history and advances
Blood transfusions, Bacteria, Blood cells and inoculations
The First vaccines
Sir Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
The first cardiac pacemaker and transplants

History of Medicine Timeline

  • Interesting Information via the History of Medicine Timeline - History and Chronology at a glance, for children and kids
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  • Useful database of history and this History of Medicine timeline containing interesting chronology of facts & information

2600 BC

 

The Egyptian Imhotep describes the diagnosis and treatment of 200 diseases

500 BC

 

Alcmaeon of Croton distinguished veins from arteries

460 BC

 

Birth of Hippocrates, the Greek father of medicine begins the scientific study of medicine and prescribes a form of aspirin

300 BC

 

Diocles wrote the first known anatomy book

280 BC

 

Herophilus studies the nervous system

130 AD

 

Birth of Galen. Greek physician to gladiators and Roman emperors

c60AD

 

Pedanius Dioscorides writes De Materia Medica

910

 

Persian physician Rhazes identifies smallpox

1010

 

Avicenna writesThe Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine

1249

 

Roger Bacon invents spectacles

1489

 

Leonardo da Vinci dissects corpses

1543

 

Vesalius publishes findings on human anatomy in De Fabrica Corporis Humani

1590

 

Zacharius Jannssen invents the microscope

1628

 

William Harvey publishes An Anatomical Study of the Motion of the Heart and of the Blood in Animals which forms the basis for future research on blood vessels, arteries and the heart

1656

 

Sir Christopher Wren experiments with canine blood transfusions

1670

 

Anton van Leeuwenhoek discovers blood cells

1683

 

Anton van Leeuwenhoek observes bacteria.

1701

 

Giacomo Pylarini gives the first smallpox inoculations

1747

 

James Lind publishes his Treatise of the Scurvy stating that citrus fruits prevent scurvy

1763

 

Claudius Aymand performs the first successful appendectomy

1796

 

Edward Jenner develops the process of vaccination for smallpox, the first vaccine for any disease

1800

 

Sir Humphry Davy discovers the anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide

1816

 

Rene Laennec invents the stethoscope

1818

 

James Blundell performs the first successful transfusion of human blood

1842

 

Crawford W. Long uses ether as a general anesthetic

1844

 

Dr. Horace Wells uses nitrous oxide as an anesthetic

1846

 

William Morton, a dentist, is the first to publish the process of using anesthetic properties of nitrous oxide

1849

 

Elizabeth Blackwell is the first woman to gain a medical degree from Geneva Medical College in New York

1847

 

Ignaz Semmelweis discovers how to the prevent the transmission of puerperal fever

1853

 

Charles Gabriel Pravaz and Alexander Wood develop the syringe

1857

 

Louis Pasteur identifies germs as cause of disease

1867

 

Joseph Lister develops the use of antiseptic surgical methods and publishes Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery

1870

 

Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur establish the germ theory of disease

1879

 

First vaccine developed for cholera

1881

 

First vaccine developed for anthrax by Louis Pasteur

1882

 

First vaccine for developed for rabies by Louis Pasteur

Koch discovers the TB bacillus

1887

 

First contact lenses developed

1890

 

Emil von Behring discovers antioxins and develops tetanus and diphtheria vaccines

1895

 

Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen discovers X rays

1896

 

First vaccine developed for typhoid fever

1897

 

First vaccine developed for Bubonic plague

1899

 

Felix Hoffman develops aspirin

1901

 

Karl Landsteiner introduces the system to classify blood into A, B, AB, and O groups

1913

 

Dr. Paul Dudley White pioneers the use of the electrocardiograph - ECG

1921

 

Edward Mellanby discovers that lack of vitamin D in the diet causes rickets

Earle Dickson Invented the Band-Aid

1922

 

Insulin first used to treat diabetes.

1923

 

First vaccine developed for diphtheria.

1926

 

First vaccine developed for whooping cough

1927

 

First vaccine developed for tuberculosis

First vaccine developed for tetanus.

1928

 

Sir Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin

1935

 

First vaccine developed for yellow fever

Percy Lavon Julian synthesized the medicines physostigmine for glaucoma and cortisone for rheumatoid arthritis

1937

 

First vaccine developed for typhus

Bernard Fantus pioneers the use the first blood bank in Chicago

1942

 

Doctor Karl Theodore Dussik publishes the first paper on medical ultrasonics - ultrasound

1943

 

Selman A. Waksman discovers the antibiotic streptomycin

1945

 

First vaccine developed for influenza

1950

 

John Hopps invented the first cardiac pacemaker

1952

 

Paul Zoll develops the first cardiac pacemaker
Jonas Salk develops the first polio vaccine
Rosalind Franklin uses X-ray diffraction to study the structure of DNA

1953

 

James Watson and Francis Crick work on the structure of the DNA molecule

1954

 

Gertrude Elion patented a leukemia-fighting drug
Dr. Joseph E. Murray performs the first kidney transplant

1955

 

Jonas Salk develops the first polio vaccine

1963

 

Thomas Fogarty invented the balloon embolectomy catheter

1964

 

First vaccine developed for measles.

1967

 

First vaccine developed for mumps

Dr. Christiaan Barnard performs the first human heart transplant

1970

 

First vaccine developed for rubella

1974

 

First vaccine developed for chicken pox

1975

 

Robert S. Ledley invents CAT-Scans

1977

 

First vaccine developed for pneumonia.

1978

 

First test-tube baby is born

First vaccine developed for meningitis.

1980

 

Smallpox is eradicated

1981

 

First vaccine developed for hepatitis B

1983

 

HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is identified

1984

 

Alec Jeffreys devises a genetic fingerprinting method

1985

 

Willem J. Kolff invented the artificial kidney dialysis machine

1992

 

First vaccine developed for hepatitis A.

1996

 

Dolly the sheep becomes the first clone

2006

 

First vaccine to target a cause of cancer

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