His father is dispossessed of his land and money on the orders of a white magistrate
His father dies. The acting chief of the Thembu clan, Jongintaba Dalindyebo becomes his guardian and ensures he receives an excellent education
Moves to Healdtown attending the Wesleyan college in Fort Beaufort.
Asked to leave Fort Hare due to his involvement in a boycott of the Students' Representative Council against the university policies
Joins the African National Congress (ANC) as an activist.
Forms the Youth League of the ANC with Oliver Tambo and Walter Sislu
South African government (Afrikaner-dominated National Party) limits the freedom of black Africans even more when the apartheid policy of racial segregation is introduced across the country
Opens the first black legal firm in South Africa with fellow lawyer Oliver Tambo providing free or low-cost legal counsel to many blacks who would otherwise have been without legal representation.
Freedom Charter adopted at the Congress of the People calling for equal rights and a program of the anti-apartheid cause
December 5: Accused of conspiring to overthrow the South African state by violent means with 155 other political activists and charged with high treason. The Treason Trial of 1956–61 follows and all were acquitted
His marriage of 13 years to his first wife Evelyn Ntoko Mase breaks up
Marries Nomzamo "Winnie" Madikizela, a social worker, and the couple have two children. Their marriage ended in separation in April 1992 and divorce in March 1996
Parliament passes new laws extending racial segregation by creating separate homelands for major black groups in South Africa
Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 69 peaceful protestors and the ANC is banned
Issues a call to arms and becomes the ANC leader of the newly formed Umkhontoat guerrilla movement at the All-In African Conference
August 5: Arrested after living on the run for seventeen months and was imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort.
June 12: Captured and convicted of sabotage and treason and sentenced to life imprisonment at the age of 46, initially on Robben island where he would be kept for 18 years
Rhodesia gains its independence and only whites are represented in the new government
His mother dies and his eldest son is killed in a car crash but he not allowed to attend either of the funerals
Rhodesia expelled from united nations due to the policy of apartheid
Over 600 students killed in protests at Soweto and Sharpeville
Steve Biko, the leader of the protests, is killed whilst in police custody.
The exiled Oliver Tambo launches an international campaign for the release of his friend
The government allows farmers to re-arm and protect themselves from black dissidents.
Government sources state that declared that since 1983 black dissidents have murdered 120, mutilated 25, raped 47 and committed 284 robberies
Sanctions against South Africa tightened costing millions in revenue
Amnesty is announced for all dissidents - 122 surrender.
February 11: Nelson Mandela is released from prison after 27 years
Becomes President of the African National Congress ( ANC )
April: Separates from Winnie Mandela after she is convicted of kidnapping and being an accessory to assault.
March: Divorces Winnie Mandela
April 26: Free Elections where black South Africans are allowed to vote for the first time. Nelson Mandela runs for President
South Africa hosts the 1995 Rugby World Cup and South Africa wins. Nelson Mandela wears a Springbok shirt when he presents the trophy to Afrikaner captain Francois Pienaar. This gesture was seen as a major step in the reconciliation of white and black South Africans.
Marries Graca Machel, the widow of the former president of Mozambique, on his 80th birthday.
Relinquishes presidency in favor of Thabo Mbeki, who was nominated ANC president in 1997.
Appointed as mediator in the civil war in Burundi
Nelson Mandela was diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer with radiation
Attacked the foreign policy of the George W. Bush
June: Nelson Mandela announced that he would be retiring from public life at the age of 85
6 January: His son, Makgatho Mandela died of AIDS
Nelson Mandela Timeline
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