Tamerlane conquered the country
1839–1842 Anglo-Afghan war
1878–1880 Anglo-Afghan war
Great Britain established an unofficial border separating Afghanistan from British India
Afghanistan became independent
Emir Amanullah founded an Afghan monarchy
Afghanistan developed close ties with the Soviet Union during the cold war
Military coup Afghanistan became a Marxist regime
Russia launched an invasion of Afghanistan
A number of Islamic students calling itself the Taliban seized control of Kabul
The Taliban took over the government of Afghanistan but the government was only recognised by Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates
August 20, 1998, U.S. cruise missiles struck a terrorist training complex believed to have been financed by Osama bin Laden
September 2001 anti-Taliban guerrilla leader Ahmed Shah Masoud of the Northern Alliance was killed by suicide bombers
September 11 - Taliban terrorists - al-Qaeda members - attacked the World Trade Center Twin Towers in New York and the Pentagon
October 7 - The Taliban refused to turn over Bin Laden and the U.S. and its allies began air strikes against Afghan military installations
December 7 - the Taliban regime collapsed
December: Afghanistan interim government formed
June : Hamid Karzai became President
Peacekeeping forces enter the country
March: US Offensive against Kandahar and al-Qaeda members
August : NATO assumed command of peacekeeping troops
January 4: New constitution introduced
April: US Offensive along the Pakistan border against al-Qaeda members.
2005 February - Hundreds of people are killed due to the harsh winter weather
2005 May - Alleged prisoner abuse by US forces at detention centres.
2005 September - First parliamentary elections in more than 30 years.
2006 February - International donors pledge more than $10bn in reconstruction aid over a period of five years.
2006 May - Violent anti-US protests in Kabul
2006 May-June - Battles between Taleban fighters and Afghan and coalition forces
2006 July onwards - Nato troops take over the leadership of military operations in the south
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