Nursery Rhymes

Ancient Rome Timeline

Important people, dates and events in ancient Rome
War with Carthage (First Punic War)
Slave uprising led by the gladiator Spartacus
Julius Caesar assassinated
The Roman Emperors

For additional facts and information about Ancient Rome visit:
Roman Colosseum
Ancient Roman Gods and Goddesses

Ancient Rome Timeline

  • Interesting Information via the Ancient Rome Timeline - Time line History and Chronology at a glance, for children and kids
  • Chronology of Key Names, Key Dates, Key People and Key Events in the Ancient Rome Timeline

600 BC

 

The Etruscans establish cities from northern to central Italy

282 BC

 

282-272: War with Pyrrhus

264 BC

 

264-241: War with Carthage (First Punic War)

218 BC

 

Hannibal invades Italy

135BC

 

135-132 BC First Servile War prompted by slave revolts

73 BC

 

73 - 71 BC Slave uprising led by the gladiator called Spartacus

64 BC

 

Pompey captures Jerusalem

45 BC

 

Julius Caesar defeats Pompey to become the first dictator of Rome

44 BC

 

Julius Caesar assassinated

44 BC

 

44-31BC The Triumvirate of Marc Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian (later known as Caesar Augustus) become the rulers of Rome

31 BC

 

Antony and Cleopatra are defeated by Octavian

27 BC

 

Octavian becomes Caesar Augustus, the first Roman emperor until 14AD

0

 

The birth of Jesus Christ

14AD

 

Death of Augustus and Tiberius, stepson of Caesar Augustus, becomes emperor until 37AD

33 AD

 

Crucifixion of Jesus in the Roman province of Jerusalem and the origin of Christianity

37

 

Gaius (Caligula) crowned Emperor

41

 

Caligula is killed and Claudius proclaimed Emperor

54

 

Emperor Claudius is murdered and Nero is proclaimed Emperor

64

 

Fire destroyed much of Rome - the Christians are blamed for the destruction

68

 

The death of Nero ended the infamous Julio-Claudian dynasty

75

 

75-80 The Roman emperors start to build the Coliseum in Rome as a place of gladiatorial combat

180

 

Commodus succeeds his father Marcus Aurelius and gains imperial power

305

 

Constantine becomes the first Christian emperor

380

 

Christianity is declared the sole religion of the Roman Empire by Theodosius I

410

 

The Visigoths, led by Alaric, sack Rome heralding the total decline of the Roman Empire

455

 

The Vandals, led by Gaiseric, sack Rome

476

 

The last Roman Emperor was Romulus Augustulus who was defeated by Odoacer who was a German Goth

Ancient Rome Timeline

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