Dutch Immigration to America Timeline
The Dutch Immigration to America Timeline highlights the Push and Pull factors of immigration such as political and religious persecution, wars that occured in Holland together with dates of any natural disasters such as floods, plague, crop failures and famine. The dates and types of religious and political conflicts and the natural disasters that afflicted Holland are highlighted in the Dutch Immigration to America Timeline enabling kids and students to understand the history of immigration to the United States.
Dutch Immigration to America Timeline: Religion
Protestant Reformation initiated by Martin Luther and the works of Erasmus. Catholics become a minority group in Holland
Explorer Henry Hudson (1565 – 1611) contracted to the Dutch United East India Company claimed land in for Holland.
Adriaen Block (c. 1567 – 1627) established the first Dutch settlements in Block Island and then in Rhode
The Dutch colonies across areas of the Mid-Atlantic States were called New Netherland (Nieuw-Nederlandt) and were pioneered by Adriaen Block, Hendrik Christiansen and Cornelius Jacobsen Mey.
Hendrik Christiansen became the first Director of the New Netherland Fort Nassau fur trading post.
The Fort Orange trading post was established by Dutch merchants and initially colonized by thirty families who were soon followed by more Protestant colonists
Peter Minuit (1580 – 1638) was appointed Director of New Netherland and established the island of Manhattan (initially called New Amsterdam) as its capital. Peter Minuit was later employed by the Swedish West India Company and established Delaware as the New Sweden colony in America.
The Dutch West India Company established the Patroon system to encourage colonists to immigrate from Holland to America. Under the Patroon system stock holders of the Dutch West India Company were given grants of land in return for introducing 50 immigrants to the colonies.
Kiliaen van Rensselaer (1586 - 1643) established a settlement under the patroon system on the upper Hudson River.
The Burchardi Flood (aka the second Grote Mandrenke) overran dikes and caused the deaths of
Peter Stuyvesant (1592-1672) was appointed the last Director-General of the colony of New Netherland and ousted the Swedish from the area.
Peter Stuyvesant came into conflict with the Burghers in the new colony. The Burghers sent the Vertoogh, or Remonstrance, to Holland requesting burgher government
Holland took control from the traders and supported Dutch Colonization of the New World offering free
King Charles II of England the Duke of York, a proprietorship on lands in America which included areas
The Dutch colonists were allowed to remain in New York and the Dutch language and culture continued to flourish in the region.
The Bubonic Plague hit Holland killing 200,000 people.
The Great Storm of 1703 in Holland caused a flood killing thousands of victims.
The Christmas flood of 1717 (Kerstvloed) caused by catastrophic storm, hit the coast area of the Netherlands killing thousands of people and destroying thousands of homes.
Additional Dutch settlements in New York, New Jersey and South Carolina were established
The American War of Independence began and the Dutch colonists supported the rebels against the British.
The 1790 U.S. census showed that Dutch migration to America had resulted in about 100,000 colonists making their home in the New World.
Protestants of the pious Seceder religious movement leads to the migration of thousands of Dutch people to avoid religious persecution in Holland.
Crop failures and the potato blight led to hunger and poverty across Europe and a massive increase in
Father Theodore J. van den Broek (1783-1851) led a large group of Catholic colonists to settle in the
Dutch revolutionaries, the Forty-Eighters, emigrate to avoid political persecution.
The Panic of 1873 led to the 6 year period called the 'Long Depression' that led to civil unrest and strikes
The nation recovered from the depression and the number of migrants between 1881 - 1890 exploded as 5,246,613 immigrants gained entry to the United States. The large wave of immigration from Holland, that rose to 75,000, was sparked by political, religious and economic factors.
The US began to pass laws to restrict immigration.
The 1891 Immigration Act provided for the regulation, inspection and deportation of immigrants.
The Ellis Island immigration center was opened where immigrants from Europe, including Holland, were
The 1921 Emergency Quota Act used of percentage system to restrict the number of immigrants based on the country of origin.
The Great Depression (1929 - 1939) engulfed the US, unemployment rose and immigration plummeted
WW2 (1939 - 1945) breaks out in Europe. Holland was invaded by the Nazi's leading to great sympathy and support for Holland in the US.
60,000 Dutch-Indonesian migrants arrived in the United States
The 1953 Flood Disaster (Watersnoodramp) devastated Holland. The US Refugee Relief Act enabled entry of 15,000 Dutch refugees.
Dutch Immigration to America has declined from this date
Dutch Immigration to America Timeline
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