Arizona was first explored by the Spanish
Father Marcos de Niza explores Arizona and claims it for Spain
The first permanent Spanish settlement was established in Tubac, after many revolts from the Pima and Papago tribes
1756 - 1763: The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
A Spanish fort is built at Tucson
1775 - 1783: The American Revolution creates the United States of America.The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washingtonled the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence)
July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
July 10, 1778: France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces
September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain
1812 - 1815 - The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
Mexico gains military control of Arizona
Trappers and traders from the United States came into Arizona
United States won the Mexican War and gained all of Arizona, north of the Gila River through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The rest of Arizona becomes part of United States by the Gadsden Purchase
Copper is discovered in Arizona
1861 - 1865 The American Civil War. In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
The Apaches, led by Cochise, attack soldiers at Apache Pass, beginning a ten year war with settlers
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 December 6: The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery
September 4 1886: The great Apache chief, Geronimo, surrenders
1898 -1901: The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
Statehood - The Date that Arizona was admitted to the Union - February 14, 1912. The Constitution - Arizona was the 48th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - Ditat Deus - motto translated as " God enriches ".
The State was named from the Indian word “Arizonac” meaning “little spring”.
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