1498 May 20: Italian explorer John Cabot ( Giovanni Caboto ) explores the coast of Georgia.
1526 September 29 - First colony established by Lucas Vazques de Ayllon
Spanish Hernando de Soto (1500-1542) explored Georgia, almost all of Georgia was controlled by the Creeks
English King Charles I grants a charter for the territory to Sir Robert Heath
July 30 1730: James Oglethorpe and 20 associates petition King George II for a royal charter to establish a colony southwest of Carolina
The first Creek Native Indian cession
1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba
July 7: The Battle of Bloody Marsh was the last Spanish action in the War of Jenkins Ear
July 25 - First Thanksgiving Day in Georgia
Georgia was named after King George II of England in 1733. The terms of the charter granted by the king specified that the colony (to be founded by James Oglethorpe) was named after the king.
1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
For additional facts and information about Colonial America refer to the Georgia Colony
1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washingtonled the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence). Timeline of Wars
July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces
September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain
Statehood - The Date that Georgia was admitted to the Union - January 2, 1788. Constitution - Georgia was the 4th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation ".
1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence
1813 - 1814: The Creek Indian War - At the start of the 1500's the Creeks occupied nearly all of southeast United States. Their defeat at the battle in Lumpkin County near Slaughter Gap forced them farther and farther West
Gold discovered in Georgia.
1836 - 1837: The Second Creek War (Seminole War) in which Creek warriors were defeated
The Trail of Tears. Cherokee and Creek Indians are forced from the state
1861 - 1865: The American Civil War. In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery
1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
Origin of the name of the State - Named after King George II of England in 1733. The terms of the charter granted by the king specified that the colony (to be founded by James Oglethorpe) was named after the king.
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