Rene-Robert Cavelier de La Salle (1643-1687) explored the region for France
1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba.
1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies. George Washingtonled the American victory over Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence)
July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence
July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces
September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain
Julien Dubuque becomes the first white settler in Iowa.
Conflict erupts between settlers and Native Indians of Iowa including the Chippewa, Dakota, Fox, Illinois, Iowa, Nez Perce, Pahodja, Pawnee, Winnebago, Missouri, Moingwena, Omaha, Oto, Ottawa, Peoria, Ponca, Potawatomi, Sauk and Winnebago throughout the 1800's. The Native Indians were forced farther and farther West
Part of the Louisiana Purchase: The Louisiana Purchase - In 1803, the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France. The U.S. Secretary of State, James Madison paid 15 million dollars for the land
The "Black Hawk War" and the Sauk tribe was forced to cede their land
Statehood - The Date that Iowa was admitted to the Union - December 28, 1846. Constitution - Iowa was the 29th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " Our liberties we prize and our rights we will maintain "
1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln,a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy
1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery
1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.
Origin of the State name - Named after the Iowa River which was named after the Iowa Indians who lived in the territory. The Iowa tribal name "Ayuxwa" was spelled by the French as "Ayoua" and by the English as "Ioway".
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