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New Mexico History Timeline

The New Mexico History Timeline Overview
Native Indians: Apache, Comanche, Jemez, Kiowa, Manso, Navaho, Pecos, Ute and Pueblo Indian tribes
Statehood: New Mexico was admitted to the Union on January 6, 1912
Constitution - New Mexico was the 47th State
"It grows as it goes."

New Mexico History Timeline

  • Interesting Information via the New Mexico State History Timeline - Chronology of this American state at a glance
  • Chronology of Key Names, Key Dates, Key People and Key Events of this American State in the New Mexico History Timeline
  • Useful database via the New Mexico History Timeline containing interesting chronology of facts & information about the USA
  • Chronologies of state key dates, facts and info
  • Fast and accurate details via American state history timelines and chronologies
  • Famous Explorers, Pioneers, Native Indians, Settlers and Leaders of this American state via the comprehensive New Mexico History Timeline



Spanish conquistador Cabeza de Vaca reaches Culiacdn, Mexico



The Spanish explorer, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado (1510-1554) explores the area from Gulf of California to present-day Kansas and discovers the Grand Canyon



Fray Augustin Rodriguez and Captain Francisco Sanchez Chamuscado travel up the Rio Grande



Fray Bernadino Beltran and Fray Antonio de Espejo travel to New Mexico



Juan de Onate 1595-1628 establishes the first Spanish capital of San Juan de los Caballeros



Battle at Aroma between Pueblo natives and Spaniards



Juan de Onate 1595-1628 leads expedition to the Colorado River



The Spanish Inquisition established in New Mexico



Pueblo Indian Revolt lead by Pope, a Pueblo Indian from the San Juan Pueblo



In the late 1600's Navajos, Apaches, lies, and Comanches begin raids against Pueblo Indians



Second Pueblo Revolt - the Natives were defeated



1756 - 1763 - The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba



Franciscan Fathers Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Escalante explore route from out New Mexico to California.



Juan Bautista de Anza ( 1736- 1788) makes peace with the Comanches.



Zebulon M. Pike (1779-1813), a native of New Jersey, leads first Anglo American expedition into New Mexico



Mexico declares independence from Spain



William Bucknell ( 1773 - ?) opens the Santa Fe Trail between Missouri and New Mexico



Gold discovered in the Ortiz Mountains



Las Vegas is the last Spanish colony established in North America



Texans invade New Mexico and claim all land east of the Rio Grande



Mexican-American War begins. Stephen Watts Kearny ( 1794 - 1848) annexes New Mexico to the United States



Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican-American War



New Mexico (which included present-day Arizona, southern Colorado, southern Utah, and southern Nevada) is designated a territory but denied statehood



The Gadsden Purchase adds 45,000 square miles to the territory



John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War.



1861 - 1865: The American Civil War. outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln,a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.



Known as the "Long Walk," Navajos and Apaches are forced to walk more than 300 miles from north-eastern Arizona and north-western New Mexico to Bosque Redondo



New Mexico is partitioned in half. Territory of Arizona is created



The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy



1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery



The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy



William H. Bonney, aka Billy the Kid ( 1859-1881) kills his first man with a knife in Silver City at the age of 12 years old



The railroad arrives in New Mexico



Billy the Kid ( 1859-1881) is shot by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner



Apache chief Geronimo and his followers surrender to General Nelson A. Miles, thus ending Indian hostilities cease in the Southwest



1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines.



Pat Garrett is shot to death at the age of 57 in an argument with a rancher



Statehood - The Date that New Mexico was admitted to the Union - January 6, 1912. Constitution - New Mexico was the 47th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " Crescit eundo " the State Motto is translated as " It grows as it goes"

New Mexico Timeline

Origin of the State name - Named after "Nuevo Mexico," the Spanish name for the upper Rio Grande.

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