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James Garfield Timeline

Short Biography of President James Garfield
Lifespan: 1831 – 1881
Born on November 19, 1831, in Orange, Ohio
James Garfield was assassinated on September 19, 1881, in Elbberon, New Jersey
Twentieth President of America - His term in office was from 100 days in 1881

Why was James Garfield famous?
James Garfield was famous as the twentieth President of the United States of America. His presidency was short-lived due to an assassination attempt which led to his death.

The next US President was Chester Arthur.



James Garfield was born on November 19, 1831, in Orange, Ohio



Mexican-American War begins.



James Garfield was married on November 11, 1858 to Lucretia Rudolph Garfield. They had  7 Children



Oregon admission to the US
Harper's Ferry Raid



Pony Express begins



The American Civil War, also called the War between the States, was waged from April 1861 until April 1865. The 4 year war was between the federal government of the United States and 11 Southern states that asserted their right to secede (withdraw) from the Union. Abraham Lincolnwas the central figure of the American Civil War. James Garfield served as an officer in the Civil War



Member of Ohio State Senate, 1859-61



Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1863-80



Battle of Gettysburg



Sand Creek Massacre



Abraham Lincoln assassinated
United States Civil War ends



Civil Rights Act of 1866
Ku Klux Klan founded



Alaska Purchase from Russia



1872 Scandal - He was implicated in the Credit Mobilier scandal in which congressmen were accused of turning a blind eye to corruption in the company



Elected to United States Senate, 1880



1881 James Garfield became the President of the United States of America but only lasted for from 100 days. James Garfield advocated hard money policies backed by gold.



His term of office lasted for just 100 days in 1881 from March 4th until his death on September 19th 1881. James Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, a disgruntled Republican.

James Garfield Timeline

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