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Albert Einstein Timeline

The most famous of all the scientists - remembered for his theory E = mc2
Dates relating to his early life, family and education
His Special Theory of Relativity
Professor of theoretical physics
His citizenship of the USA

Why was Albert Einstein famous?
Albert Einstein was famous as an author and brilliant Physicist in pioneering work with his special theory of relativity and specifically mass–energy equivalence: E = mc2

Albert Einstein Timeline

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Short Biography of Albert Einstein
Date of Birth: Born on March 14, 1879
Place of Birth : Ulm, Württemberg, Germany
Parents: Father - Hermann Einstein
             Mother: Pauline Einstein (née Koch)
Background Facts, Information & Ancestry : Ashkenazi Jewish



This timeline starts on March 14, 1879 when Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. His parents were Hermann and Pauline Einstein



The family move to Munich



His sister Maja (Maria) is born



The Compass - When he was only five years old his father showed Albert a pocket compass and he was fascinated by the thought that something unseen was moving the needle

1885 -1888


The Einstein family did not observe Jewish religious practices and Albert attended a Catholic elementary school



Albert Einstein is introduced to a family friend called Max Talmud who introduced the boy to books on science and mathematics. Albert starts his quest for facts and information available about the sciences. He attends the Luitpold-Gymnasium in Munich for the next six years



Due to financial reasons the Einstein family move from Munich to Pavia, Italy. Albert is left in Munich to finish his studies but soon decides to follow the family to Italy



He is sent to the Swiss town of Aarau to finish high school.



Albert graduates from high school at the age of 17 and enrols at the ETH (the Federal Polytechnic) in Zurich. He renounces his German citizenship



Albert meets and falls in love with Mileva Maric, a Hungarian classmate at the ETH



Einstein graduates in 1900 from ETH with a degree in physics



February 21: Albert Einstein acquires Swiss citizenship. He completes his first scientific paper on the capillary forces of a straw. Mileva becomes pregnant and moves to live with her parents in to Hungary to give birth to their baby. Albert moves to Bern.



Einstein and Mileva have a daughter called  Lieserl Einstein who is later given up for adoption. Albert takes a job at the Swiss Patent Office



January 6, 1903: Einstein marries Mileva



May 14, 1904: Albert and Mileva's first son, Hans Albert Einstein, was born in Berne, Switzerland.



His Special Theory of Relativity is born and he applies his theory to mass and energy and formulates the famous equation e=mc2. Einstein has four papers published in the Annalen der Physik, the leading German physics journal. 1905 is known as Einstein's "Wonderful Year".



Einstein begins applying the laws of gravity to his Special Theory of Relativity.



Albert Einstein becomes a privatdozent (an associate professorship) at the University of Bern.



He resigns from Patent Office and is appointed Associate Professor of theoretical physics at Zurich University



July 28, 1910: Albert and Mileva's second son, Eduard, was born in Munich. He writes a paper on critical opalescence that described why the sky is blue.



Einstein predicts bending of light. He is appointed Professor of theoretical physics at the German University of Prague



He is appointed Professor of theoretical physics at the Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich and works on his new Theory of Gravity



Albert and Mileva separate and live apart. Einstein is appointed Professor at University of Berlin
WW1begins and Einstein signs anti-war "Manifesto to Europeans"



Einstein completes the General Theory of Relativity.
He joins the "New Fatherland League" a pacifist organisation



His General Theory of Relativity is published



Einstein writes his first paper on cosmology. He is Appointed Director of Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics in Berlin



Einstein falls seriously ill and is nursed by his cousin, Elsa Einstein Loewenthal



February 14, 1919: Einstein and Mileva divorce and Einstein marries his cousin Elsa on May 29.
A solar eclipse proves Einstein's General Theory of Relativity



Einstein visits to the U.S. and lectures at Princeton University on theory of relativity



Albert Einstein is awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for 1921



Visits the Far East and Spain where he lectures at various universities



The "Einstein-Institute" in Potsdam begins its activities



Visits various countries in South America. He joins the Board of Governors and Academic Council of The Hebrew University



He begins to develop the foundation of quantum mechanics with Niels Bohr.



Einstein begins pursing his idea of a unified field theory. He becomes ill and enlargement of the heart is diagnosed

1930- 1933


Einstein makes several visits to the USA delivering lectures at universities



January: Adolf Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany
Albert Einstein leaves Germany and emigrates to U.S. in September and settles in Princeton, New Jersey where he assumes a post at the Institute for Advanced Study.



The World As I See It published



The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox is published



Elsa Einstein dies



World War 2starts and Albert Einstein warns President Roosevelt that Germany might build an atomic bomb. He then recommends nuclear research



Einstein becomes a citizen of the United States but also retains his Swiss citizenship.



Works with the Research and Development Division of the U.S. Navy on Ammunition and Explosives



WW2 ends with the terrible nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki



Einstein is appointed chairman of the Emergency Committee for Atomic Scientists



He works on behalf of the cause for disarmament



Mileva dies



Albert Einstein is offered presidency of the State of Israel



Co-signs the Russell-Einstein Manifesto warning of the nuclear threat

April 17: Albert Einstein experienced internal bleeding

April 18: He died in Princeton Hospital at the age of 76

Albert Einstein Timeline

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