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Ancient Rome Timeline

Important people, dates and events in ancient Rome
War with Carthage (First Punic War)
Slave uprising led by the gladiator Spartacus
Julius Caesar assassinated
The Roman Emperors

For additional facts and information about Ancient Rome visit:
Roman Colosseum
Ancient Roman Gods and Goddesses

Ancient Rome Timeline

  • Interesting Information via the Ancient Rome Timeline - Time line History and Chronology at a glance, for children and kids
  • Chronology of Key Names, Key Dates, Key People and Key Events in the Ancient Rome Timeline

600 BC


The Etruscans establish cities from northern to central Italy

282 BC


282-272: War with Pyrrhus

264 BC


264-241: War with Carthage (First Punic War)

218 BC


Hannibal invades Italy



135-132 BC First Servile War prompted by slave revolts

73 BC


73 - 71 BC Slave uprising led by the gladiator called Spartacus

64 BC


Pompey captures Jerusalem

45 BC


Julius Caesar defeats Pompey to become the first dictator of Rome

44 BC


Julius Caesar assassinated

44 BC


44-31BC The Triumvirate of Marc Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian (later known as Caesar Augustus) become the rulers of Rome

31 BC


Antony and Cleopatra are defeated by Octavian

27 BC


Octavian becomes Caesar Augustus, the first Roman emperor until 14AD



The birth of Jesus Christ



Death of Augustus and Tiberius, stepson of Caesar Augustus, becomes emperor until 37AD

33 AD


Crucifixion of Jesus in the Roman province of Jerusalem and the origin of Christianity



Gaius (Caligula) crowned Emperor



Caligula is killed and Claudius proclaimed Emperor



Emperor Claudius is murdered and Nero is proclaimed Emperor



Fire destroyed much of Rome - the Christians are blamed for the destruction



The death of Nero ended the infamous Julio-Claudian dynasty



75-80 The Roman emperors start to build the Coliseum in Rome as a place of gladiatorial combat



Commodus succeeds his father Marcus Aurelius and gains imperial power



Constantine becomes the first Christian emperor



Christianity is declared the sole religion of the Roman Empire by Theodosius I



The Visigoths, led by Alaric, sack Rome heralding the total decline of the Roman Empire



The Vandals, led by Gaiseric, sack Rome



The last Roman Emperor was Romulus Augustulus who was defeated by Odoacer who was a German Goth

Ancient Rome Timeline

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