Nursery Rhymes

Mexico Timeline

Important Mexican people, dates and events
The Olmecs, Mayans and Toltecs
Montezuma II and the Spanish
Spanish attempt halted by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
US-Mexican War and the treaty of Guadalupe
Mexican Revolution

1200 BC - 300 AD - The Olmecs were the first true civilisation of South America and were the ancestors of the later cultures
300 - 1500's - The Mayans empire covered Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador
900's - 1100's - The Toltecs ruled Mexico and Guatemala from the 10th to the 12th century
1100'S- 1500's - The Aztecs rose to power in Mexico during the 12th and 13th centuries and remained in control until the arrival of the Spaniards in the 16th Century



Montezuma II (1466-1520) assumes Aztec throne



Spanish expedition under Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba (1475-1526) lands on Yucatan coast



Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) founds Veracruz
Cortes enters Tenochtitlan and captures Moctezuma II ( aka Montezuma )



Montezuma II is killed



Juan de Zumarraga (1468-1548) arrives as bishop of Mexico City and begins native conversion to Catholicism



Franciscan missionaries settle in Texas which is of New Spain
The Mission San Antonio de Valero was established which later became famous as the Alamo



Napoleon took Louisiana back from New Spain but sold it to the United States



Overthrow of the king of Spain by Napoleon
September 16:  Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753-1811) preaches his Grito de Dolores, sparking rebellion and the War of Independence



Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is captured and executed



Spain recognizes Mexican independence with the Treaty of Cordoba



General Augustin de Iturbide assumes control as Emperor of Mexico



General Santa Anna deposes Iturbide, the monarchy fails, and a new constitution creates a federal republic



President Vicente Guerrero abolishes slavery



A Spanish attempt at re-conquest is halted by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (1794-1876)
Texas declares its independence



February 23 to March 6 - A band of 189 Texas volunteers defied a Mexican army of thousands for 13 days of siege at the Alamo
April: Battle of San Jacinto - General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna is captured by Sam Houston



1846-1848 US-Mexican War



The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo reduces Mexico's territory by half, ceding present-day Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, and part of Colorado to the U.S.



Santa Anna agrees to the Gadsden Purchase, ceding a further 48,000 square km (30,000 square mi) to the United States



The French occupy Mexico City and Napoleon III of France appoints Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria (1832-1867) as Emperor of Mexico



Maximilian is executed



1910-1920 Mexican Revolution where the figures of Madero, Huerta, Carranza, Villa and Zapata arise

Mexico Timeline

Timelines Famous People
History & Timelines Index
Next Famous Person

Privacy Statement

Cookie Policy

© 2017 Siteseen Ltd